Charm Industrial

Type
Carbon Removal with long-lived storage
Sub-type
Bio-oil sequestration
Location
USA
Price
£ per Tonne:
430.82
Certification
Objective
Converts waste biomass into high-carbon fast pyrolysis bio-oil for stable long term storage or for use as fuel.

About this project

Bio-oil is produced through a process called “fast pyrolysis” where biomass like wood, corn stover, rice straw, or almond shells is heated up to about 500°C in a few seconds without any oxygen present. This process produces a liquid mixture called bio-oil and a solid mixture of ash (like in a fireplace). This bio-oil has high carbon content and is injectable into the same deep underground rock formations that stored crude oil for hundreds of millions of years.

Charm converts waste biomass into fast pyrolysis bio-oil. They then inject bio-oil deep underground as negative emissions, or reform it to produce green hydrogen as a fuel and industrial chemical.

Charm's process for underground bio-oil injection is patent-pending.

Key benefits
  • Very strong credentials
  • Currently an expensive option, but viable that price will decrease with scale
  • Bio-oil sequestration is a key technology for future and early support is likely to help with R&D and technology adoption
SDG Certifications
No items found.

Criteria

Proven causality
Pass
Low
Moderate
Strong
Very Strong
Charm Industrial takes waste biomass (that would otherwise decompose and release CO₂, and other greenhouse gasses, back into the atmosphere), converts them into a low energy bio-oil, and sequesters it. This is a direct causal relationship and can be considered carbon removal because the process of new crops growing each year takes CO₂ out of the atmosphere. All emissions that occur from the pyrolysis, transportation and injection process are also accounted for.
Additionality
Pass
Low
Moderate
Strong
Very Strong
The vast majority of waste biomass in the world decomposes and releases its stored carbon back into the atmosphere as CO₂. There is no reason to believe that the biomass used by Charm would be destined for any fossil-fuel-replacing activity and would be highly likely to ultimately release its carbon back into the atmosphere. Therefore these offsets can be considered strongly additional.
Permanence
Pass
Low
Moderate
Strong
Very Strong
Bio-oil is a very permanent storage method. It is a stable compound when injected underground and, since it's more dense than water, it sinks to the bottom of the wells it is injected into. Here it has a tendency to polymerise and partially solidify in place.
Secondary impacts
Pass
Low
Moderate
Strong
Very Strong
Charm Industrial operates a process which is reasonably isolated from wildlife areas and vulnerable communities, so although it is not associated with any specific co-benefits, this ensures that there are no unintended negative impacts on the locations or communities in which it operates.

Want to find out how you could integrate

Charm Industrial

into your Net Zero strategy?

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